Domain Generalization via Nuclear Norm Regularization
Keywords: Domain Generalization, Nuclear Norm, Deep Learning
TL;DR: We propose a simple and effective regularization method based on the nuclear norm of the learned features for domain generalization.
Abstract: The ability to generalize to unseen domains is crucial for machine learning systems deployed in the real world, especially when we only have data from limited training domains. In this paper, we propose a simple and effective regularization method based on the nuclear norm of the learned features for domain generalization. Intuitively, the proposed regularizer mitigates the impacts of environmental features and encourages learning domain-invariant features. Theoretically, we provide insights into why nuclear norm regularization is more effective compared to ERM and alternative regularization methods. Empirically, we conduct extensive experiments on both synthetic and real datasets. We show nuclear norm regularization achieves strong performance compared to baselines in a wide range of domain generalization tasks. Moreover, our regularizer is broadly applicable with various methods such as ERM and SWAD with consistently improved performance, e.g., 1.7% and 0.9% test accuracy improvements respectively on the DomainBed benchmark.
Track Confirmation: Yes, I am submitting to the proceeding track.
Submission Number: 5