Higher-Order Expander Graph Propagation

Published: 28 Oct 2023, Last Modified: 21 Dec 2023NeurIPS 2023 GLFrontiers Workshop PosterEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Keywords: graph neural networks, expander graphs, over-squashing, long-range dependency
Abstract: Graph neural networks operate on graph-structured data via exchanging messages along edges. One limitation of this message passing paradigm is the over-squashing problem. Over-squashing occurs when messages from a node's expanded receptive field are compressed into fixed-size vectors, potentially causing information loss. To address this issue, recent works have explored using expander graphs, which are highly-connected sparse graphs with low diameters, to perform message passing. However, current methods on expander graph propagation only consider pair-wise interactions, ignoring higher-order structures in complex data. To explore the benefits of capturing these higher-order correlations while still leveraging expander graphs, we introduce higher-order expander graph propagation. We propose two methods for constructing bipartite expanders and evaluate their performance on both synthetic and real-world datasets.
Submission Number: 42