Keywords: Active Labeling, Groundtruth Annotation, Dataset Labeling
TL;DR: A framework to address the prohibitive data labeling cost challenge using hybrid human-machine labeling.
Abstract: Today, ground-truth generation uses data sets annotated by cloud-based annotation services. These services rely on human annotation, which can be prohibitively expensive. In this paper, we consider the problem of hybrid human-machine labeling, which trains a classifier to accurately auto-label part of the data set. However, training the classifier can be expensive too. We propose an iterative approach that minimizes total overall cost by, at each step, jointly determining which samples to label using humans and which to label using the trained classifier. We validate our approach on well known public data sets such as Fashion-MNIST, CIFAR-10, CIFAR-100, and ImageNet. In some cases, our approach has 6× lower overall cost relative to human labeling the entire data set, and is always cheaper than the cheapest competing strategy.
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