DiffDock-Pocket: Diffusion for Pocket-Level Docking with Sidechain Flexibility

23 Sept 2023 (modified: 11 Feb 2024)Submitted to ICLR 2024EveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Primary Area: applications to physical sciences (physics, chemistry, biology, etc.)
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Keywords: diffusion, diffusion models, docking, generative model
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TL;DR: DiffDock restricted to the pocket level with diffusion over side chain torsion angles and optimized for computationally generated structures
Abstract: When a small molecule binds to a protein, the 3D structure of the protein and its function change. Understanding this process, called molecular docking, can be crucial in areas such as drug design. Recent learning-based attempts have shown promising results at this task, yet lack features that traditional approaches support. In this work, we close this gap by proposing DiffDock-Pocket, a diffusion-based docking algorithm that is conditioned on a binding target to predict ligand poses only in a specific binding pocket. On top of this, our model supports receptor flexibility and predicts the position of sidechains close to the binding site. Empirically, we improve the state-of-the-art in site-specific-docking on the PDBBind benchmark. Especially when using in-silico generated structures, we achieve more than twice the performance of current methods while being more than 20 times faster than other flexible approaches. Although the model was not trained for cross-docking to different structures, it yields competitive results in this task.
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Submission Number: 8469