Towards Efficient Image Compression Without Autoregressive Models

Published: 21 Sept 2023, Last Modified: 09 Dec 2023NeurIPS 2023 posterEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Keywords: Image Compression, Correlation
TL;DR: Towards Efficient Image Compression Without Autoregressive Models
Abstract: Recently, learned image compression (LIC) has garnered increasing interest with its rapidly improving performance surpassing conventional codecs. A key ingredient of LIC is a hyperprior-based entropy model, where the underlying joint probability of the latent image features is modeled as a product of Gaussian distributions from each latent element. Since latents from the actual images are not spatially independent, autoregressive (AR) context based entropy models were proposed to handle the discrepancy between the assumed distribution and the actual distribution. Though the AR-based models have proven effective, the computational complexity is significantly increased due to the inherent sequential nature of the algorithm. In this paper, we present a novel alternative to the AR-based approach that can provide a significantly better trade-off between performance and complexity. To minimize the discrepancy, we introduce a correlation loss that forces the latents to be spatially decorrelated and better fitted to the independent probability model. Our correlation loss is proved to act as a general plug-in for the hyperprior (HP) based learned image compression methods. The performance gain from our correlation loss is ‘free’ in terms of computation complexity for both inference time and decoding time. To our knowledge, our method gives the best trade-off between the complexity and performance: combined with the Checkerboard-CM, it attains **90%** and when combined with ChARM-CM, it attains **98%** of the AR-based BD-Rate gains yet is around **50 times** and **30 times** faster than AR-based methods respectively
Supplementary Material: pdf
Submission Number: 7715