Open-Set 3D Detection via Image-level Class and Debiased Cross-modal Contrastive LearningDownload PDF

Published: 01 Feb 2023, Last Modified: 13 Feb 2023Submitted to ICLR 2023Readers: Everyone
Keywords: open vocabulary, 3d detection, contrastive learning
TL;DR: We propose an open-set 3D detection method that detects unseen categories without corresponding 3D labels
Abstract: Current point-cloud detection methods have difficulty detecting the open-set objects in the real world, due to their limited generalization capability. Moreover, it is extremely laborious and expensive to collect and fully annotate a point-cloud detection dataset with numerous classes of objects, leading to the limited classes of existing point-cloud datasets and hindering the model to learn general representations to achieve open-set point-cloud detection. Instead of seeking a point-cloud dataset with full labels, we resort to ImageNet1K to broaden the vocabulary of the point-cloud detector. We propose OS-3DETIC, an Open-Set 3D DETector using Image-level Class supervision. Specifically, we take advantage of two modalities, the image modality for recognition and the point-cloud modality for localization, to generate pseudo labels for unseen classes. Then we propose a novel debiased cross-modal cross-task contrastive learning method to transfer the knowledge from image modality to point-cloud modality during training. Without hurting the latency during inference, OS-3DETIC makes the well-known point-cloud detector capable of achieving open-set detection. Extensive experiments demonstrate that the proposed OS-3DETIC achieves at least 10.77 % mAP improvement (absolute value) and 9.56 % mAP improvement (absolute value) by a wide range of baselines on the SUN-RGBD dataset and ScanNet dataset, respectively. Besides, we conduct sufficient experiments to shed light on why the proposed OS-3DETIC works.
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