Extracting Meronyms for a Biology Knowledge Base Using Distant Supervision

Xiao Ling, Daniel S Weld

Jun 29, 2013 (modified: Jun 29, 2013) AKBC 2013 submission readers: everyone
  • Abstract: Knowledge of objects and their parts, meronym relations, are at the heart of many question-answering systems, but manually encoding these facts is impractical. Past researchers have tried hand-written patterns, supervised learning, and bootstrapped methods, but achieving both high precision and recall has proven elusive. This paper reports on a thorough exploration of distant supervision to learn a meronym extractor for the domain of college biology. We introduce a novel algorithm, generalizing the ``at least one'' assumption of multi-instance learning to handle the case where a fixed (but unknown) percentage of bag members are positive examples. Detailed experiments compare strategies for mention detection, negative example generation, leveraging out-of-domain meronyms, and evaluate the benefit of our multi-instance percentage model.
  • Decision: conferenceOral
  • Authorids: xiaoling.sh@gmail.com, weld@cs.washington.edu