Published: 16 Jan 2024, Last Modified: 08 Mar 2024ICLR 2024 spotlightEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
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Keywords: Memorization, expressive power of network, optimal robust memorization, computation complexity, Lipschitz constant
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TL;DR: The difficulty and possibility of implementing robust network are demonstrated from the perspective of memorization and computation complexity.
Abstract: Memorization with neural networks is to study the expressive power of neural networks to interpolate a finite classification data set, which is closely related to the generalizability of deep learning. However, the important problem of robust memorization has not been thoroughly studied. In this paper, several basic problems about robust memorization are solved. First, we prove that it is NP-hard to compute neural networks with certain simple structures, which are robust memorization. A network hypothesis space is called optimal robust memorization for a data set if it can achieve robust memorization for any budget less than half the separation bound of the data set. Second, we explicitly construct neural networks with O(N n) parameters for optimal robust memorization of any data set with dimension n and size N . We also give a lower bound for the width of networks to achieve optimal robust memorization. Finally, we explicitly construct neural networks with O(N n log n) parameters for optimal robust memorization of any binary classification data set by controlling the Lipschitz constant of the network.
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Primary Area: learning theory
Submission Number: 5108