Deep Reinforcement Learning for Modelling Protein Complexes

Published: 16 Jan 2024, Last Modified: 15 Mar 2024ICLR 2024 posterEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
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Keywords: protein complex structure prediction, docking path prediction, policy network, reinforcement learning
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TL;DR: A generative adversarial policy network for fast 3D structure prediction of protein complex.
Abstract: Structure prediction of large protein complexes (a.k.a., protein multimer mod- elling, PMM) can be achieved through the one-by-one assembly using provided dimer structures and predicted docking paths. However, existing PMM methods struggle with vast search spaces and generalization challenges: (1) The assembly of a N -chain multimer can be depicted using graph structured data, with each chain represented as a node and assembly actions as edges. Thus the assembly graph can be arbitrary acyclic undirected connected graph, leading to the com- binatorial optimization space of N^(N −2) for the PMM problem. (2) Knowledge transfer in the PMM task is non-trivial. The gradually limited data availability as the chain number increases necessitates PMM models that can generalize across multimers of various chains. To address these challenges, we propose GAPN, a Generative Adversarial Policy Network powered by domain-specific rewards and adversarial loss through policy gradient for automatic PMM prediction. Specifi- cally, GAPN learns to efficiently search through the immense assembly space and optimize the direct docking reward through policy gradient. Importantly, we de- sign a adversarial reward function to enhance the receptive field of our model. In this way, GAPN will simultaneously focus on a specific batch of multimers and the global assembly rules learned from multimers with varying chain numbers. Empirically, we have achieved both significant accuracy (measured by RMSD and TM-Score) and efficiency improvements compared to leading complex mod- eling software. GAPN outperforms the state-of-the-art method (MoLPC) with up to 27% improvement in TM-Score, with a speed-up of 600×.
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Primary Area: applications to physical sciences (physics, chemistry, biology, etc.)
Submission Number: 1707
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