NfgTransformer: Equivariant Representation Learning for Normal-form Games

Published: 16 Jan 2024, Last Modified: 05 Mar 2024ICLR 2024 posterEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
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Keywords: Game Theory, Deep Learning, Representation Learning, Nash Equilibrium
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TL;DR: We present a general-purpose, equivariant representation learning architecture for normal-form games.
Abstract: Normal-form games (NFGs) are the fundamental model of *strategic interaction*. We study their representation using neural networks. We describe the inherent equivariance of NFGs --- any permutation of strategies describes an equivalent game --- as well as the challenges this poses for representation learning. We then propose the NfgTransformer architecture that leverages this equivariance, leading to state-of-the-art performance in a range of game-theoretic tasks including equilibrium-solving, deviation gain estimation and ranking, with a common approach to NFG representation. We show that the resulting model is interpretable and versatile, paving the way towards deep learning systems capable of game-theoretic reasoning when interacting with humans and with each other.
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Primary Area: general machine learning (i.e., none of the above)
Submission Number: 1759