Fast deformable image registration uncertainty estimation for contour propagation in daily adaptive proton therapy
Keywords: Deformable Image Registration, Uncertainty, Proton Therapy, Adaptive Planning, Deep Learning
TL;DR: Using deep learning to speed up uncertainty quantification of deformable image registration
Abstract: In daily adaptive proton therapy, deformable image registration (DIR) can be used to propagate manually delineated contours from a reference CT to the daily CT for plan reoptimization. However, the ill-posedness of DIR implies uncertainty on the DIR hyperparameters, which results in uncertainty in the displacement field. In this work, a fast deep learning method is developed to predict the uncertainty associated with a DIR result without the need for Monte-Carlo (MC) sampling. It is shown that this results in a significant time reduction compared to MC whilst leading to similar probabilistic contours.
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Paper Type: novel methodological ideas without extensive validation
Primary Subject Area: Image Registration
Secondary Subject Area: Uncertainty Estimation
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