M2T2: Multi-Task Masked Transformer for Object-centric Pick and PlaceDownload PDF

Published: 30 Aug 2023, Last Modified: 25 Oct 2023CoRL 2023 PosterReaders: Everyone
Keywords: Object manipulation, Multi-task learning, Pick and place
TL;DR: M2T2 (Multi-Task Masked Transformer) is a unified network architecture for predicting different types of action primitives.
Abstract: With the advent of large language models and large-scale robotic datasets, there has been tremendous progress in high-level decision-making for object manipulation. These generic models are able to interpret complex tasks using language commands, but they often have difficulties generalizing to out-of-distribution objects due to the inability of low-level action primitives. In contrast, existing task-specific models excel in low-level manipulation of unknown objects, but only work for a single type of action. To bridge this gap, we present M2T2, a single model that supplies different types of low-level actions that work robustly on arbitrary objects in cluttered scenes. M2T2 is a transformer model which reasons about contact points and predicts valid gripper poses for different action modes given a raw point cloud of the scene. Trained on a large-scale synthetic dataset with 128K scenes, M2T2 achieves zero-shot sim2real transfer on the real robot, outperforming the baseline system with state-of-the-art task-specific models by about 19% in overall performance and 37.5% in challenging scenes were the object needs to be re-oriented for collision-free placement. M2T2 also achieves state-of-the-art results on a subset of language conditioned tasks in RLBench. Videos of robot experiments on unseen objects in both real world and simulation are available at m2-t2.github.io.
Student First Author: yes
Supplementary Material: zip
Instructions: I have read the instructions for authors (https://corl2023.org/instructions-for-authors/)
Video: https://m2-t2.github.io
Website: https://m2-t2.github.io
Code: https://m2-t2.github.io
Publication Agreement: pdf
Poster Spotlight Video: mp4
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