## Diffusion Models Beat GANs on Image Synthesis

21 May 2021, 20:42 (edited 26 Jan 2022)NeurIPS 2021 SpotlightReaders: Everyone
• Keywords: generative models, diffusion models, score-based models, denoising diffusion probabilistic models, image generation, neural networks, attention
• TL;DR: We achieve state-of-the-art image generation on ImageNet and several LSUN classes with diffusion models.
• Abstract: We show that diffusion models can achieve image sample quality superior to the current state-of-the-art generative models. We achieve this on unconditional image synthesis by finding a better architecture through a series of ablations. For conditional image synthesis, we further improve sample quality with classifier guidance: a simple, compute-efficient method for trading off diversity for fidelity using gradients from a classifier. We achieve an FID of 2.97 on ImageNet 128$\times$128, 4.59 on ImageNet 256$\times$256, and 7.72 on ImageNet 512$\times$512, and we match BigGAN-deep even with as few as 25 forward passes per sample, all while maintaining better coverage of the distribution. Finally, we find that classifier guidance combines well with upsampling diffusion models, further improving FID to 3.94 on ImageNet 256$\times$256 and 3.85 on ImageNet 512$\times$512.
• Supplementary Material: pdf
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• Code: https://github.com/openai/guided-diffusion
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