Revisiting The Master-Slave Architecture In Multi-Agent Deep Reinforcement Learning

Xiangyu Kong, Fangchen Liu, Bo Xin, Yizhou Wang

Feb 15, 2018 (modified: Feb 15, 2018) ICLR 2018 Conference Blind Submission readers: everyone Show Bibtex
  • Abstract: Many tasks in artificial intelligence require the collaboration of multiple agents. We exam deep reinforcement learning for multi-agent domains. Recent research efforts often take the form of two seemingly conflicting perspectives, the decentralized perspective, where each agent is supposed to have its own controller; and the centralized perspective, where one assumes there is a larger model controlling all agents. In this regard, we revisit the idea of the master-slave architecture by incorporating both perspectives within one framework. Such a hierarchical structure naturally leverages advantages from one another. The idea of combining both perspective is intuitive and can be well motivated from many real world systems, however, out of a variety of possible realizations, we highlights three key ingredients, i.e. composed action representation, learnable communication and independent reasoning. With network designs to facilitate these explicitly, our proposal consistently outperforms latest competing methods both in synthetics experiments and when applied to challenging StarCraft micromanagement tasks.
  • TL;DR: We revisit the idea of the master-slave architecture in multi-agent deep reinforcement learning and outperforms state-of-the-arts.
  • Keywords: Deep Reinforcement Learning, Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning, StarCraft Micromanagement Tasks