Arbitrary Style Transfer in Real-time with Adaptive Instance NormalizationDownload PDF

26 May 2024 (modified: 19 Mar 2017)ICLR 2017 workshop submissionReaders: Everyone
Abstract: Gatys et al. (2015) recently introduced a neural algorithm that renders a content image in the style of another image, achieving so-called \emph{style transfer}. However, their framework requires a slow iterative optimization process, which limits its practical application. Fast approximations with feed-forward neural networks have been proposed to speed up neural style transfer. Unfortunately, the speed improvement comes at a cost: the network is usually tied to a fixed set of styles and cannot adapt to arbitrary new styles. In this paper, we present a simple yet effective approach that for the first time enables arbitrary style transfer in real-time. At the heart of our method is a novel adaptive instance normalization~(AdaIN) layer that aligns the mean and variance of the content features with those of the style features. Our method achieves speed comparable to the fastest existing approach, without the restriction to a pre-defined set of styles.
TL;DR: The first real-time style transfer method that can transfer arbitrary styles.
Keywords: Computer vision, Unsupervised Learning, Applications
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