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PixelCNN++: Improving the PixelCNN with Discretized Logistic Mixture Likelihood and Other Modifications
Tim Salimans, Andrej Karpathy, Xi Chen, Diederik P. Kingma
Nov 05, 2016 (modified: Feb 07, 2017)ICLR 2017 conference submissionreaders: everyone
Abstract:PixelCNNs are a recently proposed class of powerful generative models with tractable likelihood. Here we discuss our implementation of PixelCNNs which we make available at https://github.com/openai/pixel-cnn. Our implementation contains a number of modifications to the original model that both simplify its structure and improve its performance. 1) We use a discretized logistic mixture likelihood on the pixels, rather than a 256-way softmax, which we find to speed up training. 2) We condition on whole pixels, rather than R/G/B sub-pixels, simplifying the model structure. 3) We use downsampling to efficiently capture structure at multiple resolutions. 4) We introduce additional short-cut connections to further speed up optimization. 5) We regularize the model using dropout. Finally, we present state-of-the-art log likelihood results on CIFAR-10 to demonstrate the usefulness of these modifications.
TL;DR:Adding discretized logistic mixture Likelihood and other modifications to PixelCNN improves performance.
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