Sensor Transformation Attention Networks

Stefan Braun, Daniel Neil, Enea Ceolini, Jithendar Anumula, Shih-Chii Liu

Feb 15, 2018 (modified: Oct 26, 2017) ICLR 2018 Conference Blind Submission readers: everyone Show Bibtex
  • Abstract: Recent work on encoder-decoder models for sequence-to-sequence mapping has shown that integrating both temporal and spatial attentional mechanisms into neural networks increases the performance of the system substantially. We report on a new modular network architecture that applies an attentional mechanism not on temporal and spatial regions of the input, but on sensor selection for multi-sensor setups. This network called the sensor transformation attention network (STAN) is evaluated in scenarios which include the presence of natural noise or synthetic dynamic noise. We demonstrate how the attentional signal responds dynamically to changing noise levels and sensor-specific noise, leading to reduced word error rates (WERs) on both audio and visual tasks using TIDIGITS and GRID; and also on CHiME-3, a multi-microphone real-world noisy dataset. The improvement grows as more channels are corrupted as demonstrated on the CHiME-3 dataset. Moreover, the proposed STAN architecture naturally introduces a number of advantages including ease of removing sensors from existing architectures, attentional interpretability, and increased robustness to a variety of noise environments.
  • TL;DR: We introduce a modular multi-sensor network architecture with an attentional mechanism that enables dynamic sensor selection on real-world noisy data from CHiME-3.
  • Keywords: attention, sensor-selection, multi-sensor, natural noise
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