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LipNet: End-to-End Sentence-level Lipreading
Yannis M. Assael, Brendan Shillingford, Shimon Whiteson, Nando de Freitas
Nov 04, 2016 (modified: Dec 16, 2016)ICLR 2017 conference submissionreaders: everyone
Abstract:Lipreading is the task of decoding text from the movement of a speaker's mouth. Traditional approaches separated the problem into two stages: designing or learning visual features, and prediction. More recent deep lipreading approaches are end-to-end trainable (Wand et al., 2016; Chung & Zisserman, 2016a). However, existing work on models trained end-to-end perform only word classification, rather than sentence-level sequence prediction. Studies have shown that human lipreading performance increases for longer words (Easton & Basala, 1982), indicating the importance of features capturing temporal context in an ambiguous communication channel. Motivated by this observation, we present LipNet, a model that maps a variable-length sequence of video frames to text, making use of spatiotemporal convolutions, a recurrent network, and the connectionist temporal classification loss, trained entirely end-to-end. To the best of our knowledge, LipNet is the first end-to-end sentence-level lipreading model that simultaneously learns spatiotemporal visual features and a sequence model. On the GRID corpus, LipNet achieves 95.2% accuracy in sentence-level, overlapped speaker split task, outperforming experienced human lipreaders and the previous 86.4% word-level state-of-the-art accuracy (Gergen et al., 2016).
TL;DR:LipNet is the first end-to-end sentence-level lipreading model to simultaneously learn spatiotemporal visual features and a sequence model.
Keywords:Computer vision, Deep learning
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