Tinkering with black boxes: counterfactuals uncover modularity in generative models

Michel Besserve, Remy Sun, Bernhard Schoelkopf

Sep 27, 2018 ICLR 2019 Conference Blind Submission readers: everyone Show Bibtex
  • Abstract: Deep generative models such as Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) and Variational Auto-Encoders (VAEs) are important tools to capture and investigate the properties of complex empirical data. However, the complexity of their inner elements makes their functionment challenging to assess and modify. In this respect, these architectures behave as black box models. In order to better understand the function of such networks, we analyze their modularity based on the counterfactual manipulation of their internal variables. Our experiments on the generation of human faces with VAEs and GANs support that modularity between activation maps distributed over channels of generator architectures is achieved to some degree, can be used to better understand how these systems operate and allow meaningful transformations of the generated images without further training. erate and edit the content of generated images.
  • Keywords: generatice models, causality, disentangled representations
  • TL;DR: We investigate the modularity of deep generative models.
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