Distributed Stochastic Algorithms for High-rate Streaming Principal Component Analysis
Abstract: This paper considers the problem of estimating the principal eigenvector of a covariance matrix from independent and identically distributed data samples in streaming settings. The streaming rate of data in many contemporary applications can be high enough that a single processor cannot finish an iteration of existing methods for eigenvector estimation before a new sample arrives. This paper formulates and analyzes a distributed variant of the classical Krasulina's method (D-Krasulina) that can keep up with the high streaming rate of data by distributing the computational load across multiple processing nodes. The analysis improves upon the one in (Balsubramani et al., 2013) for the original Krasulina's method and shows that---under appropriate conditions---D-Krasulina converges to the principal eigenvector in an order-wise optimal manner; i.e., after receiving $M$ samples across all nodes, its estimation error can be $O(1/M)$. In order to reduce the network communication overhead, the paper also develops and analyzes a mini-batch extension of D-Krasulina, which is termed DM-Krasulina. The analysis of DM-Krasulina shows that it can also achieve order-optimal estimation error rates under appropriate conditions, even when some samples have to be discarded within the network due to communication latency. Finally, experiments are performed over synthetic and real-world data to validate the convergence behaviors of D-Krasulina and DM-Krasulina in high-rate streaming settings.
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Submission Length: Long submission (more than 12 pages of main content)
Changes Since Last Submission: Camera-ready version of the accepted paper.
Assigned Action Editor: ~Stephen_Becker1
Submission Number: 150