Multi-label Node Classification On Graph-Structured Data

Published: 18 Oct 2023, Last Modified: 18 Oct 2023Accepted by TMLREveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Abstract: Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) have shown state-of-the-art improvements in node classification tasks on graphs. While these improvements have been largely demonstrated in a multi-class classification scenario, a more general and realistic scenario in which each node could have multiple labels has so far received little attention. The first challenge in conducting focused studies on multi-label node classification is the limited number of publicly available multi-label graph datasets. Therefore, as our first contribution, we collect and release three real-world biological datasets and develop a multi-label graph generator to generate datasets with tunable properties. While high label similarity (high homophily) is usually attributed to the success of GNNs, we argue that a multi-label scenario does not follow the usual semantics of homophily and heterophily so far defined for a multi-class scenario. As our second contribution, we define homophily and Cross-Class Neighborhood Similarity for the multi-label scenario and provide a thorough analyses of the collected $9$ multi-label datasets. Finally, we perform a large-scale comparative study with $8$ methods and $9$ datasets and analyse the performances of the methods to assess the progress made by current state of the art in the multi-label node classification scenario. We release our benchmark at
Submission Length: Long submission (more than 12 pages of main content)
Assigned Action Editor: ~Michal_Valko1
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Submission Number: 851