Keywords: Evaluation, Reinforcement Learning, Finance, Benchmarking
Abstract: The financial markets, which involve more than $90 trillion market capitals, attract the attention of innumerable investors around the world. Recently, reinforcement learning in financial markets (FinRL) has emerged as a promising direction to train agents for making profitable investment decisions. However, the evaluation of most FinRL methods only focuses on profit-related measures, which are far from satisfactory for practitioners to deploy these methods into real-world financial markets. Therefore, we introduce PRUDEX-Compass, which has 6 axes, i.e., Profitability, Risk-control, Universality, Diversity, rEliability, and eXplainability, with a total of 17 measures for a systematic evaluation. Specifically, i) we propose AlphaMix+ as a strong FinRL baseline, which leverages mixture-of-experts (MoE) and risk-sensitive approaches to make diversified risk-aware investment decisions, ii) we evaluate 8 FinRL methods in 4 long-term real-world datasets of influential financial markets to demonstrate the usage of our PRUDEX-Compass, iii) PRUDEX-Compass1 together with 4 real-world datasets, standard implementation of 8 FinRL methods and a portfolio management RL environment is released as public resources to facilitate the design and comparison of new FinRL methods. We hope that PRUDEX-Compass can shed light on future FinRL research to prevent untrustworthy results from stagnating FinRL into successful industry deployment.
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