A New Graph Node Classification Benchmark: Learning Structure from Histology Cell GraphsDownload PDF

Published: 22 Nov 2022, Last Modified: 05 May 2023NeurIPS 2022 GLFrontiers WorkshopReaders: Everyone
Keywords: graph learning, graph neural networks, node classification, benchmark, histology, cell graphs, placenta
TL;DR: The paper presents a new node classification benchmark dataset: predicting micro-anatomical tissue structure from cell graphs in placenta histology, with the performance of existing scalable graph neural networks on this data.
Abstract: We introduce a new benchmark dataset, Placenta, for node classification in an underexplored domain: predicting microanatomical tissue structures from cell graphs in placenta histology whole slide images. This problem is uniquely challenging for graph learning for a few reasons. Cell graphs are large (>1 million nodes per image), node features are varied (64-dimensions of 11 types of cells), class labels are imbalanced (9 classes ranging from 0.21% of the data to 40.0%), and cellular communities cluster into heterogeneously distributed tissues of widely varying sizes (from 11 nodes to 44,671 nodes for a single structure). Here, we release a dataset consisting of two cell graphs from two placenta histology images totalling 2,395,747 nodes, 799,745 of which have ground truth labels. We present inductive benchmark results for 7 scalable models and show how the unique qualities of cell graphs can help drive the development of novel graph neural network architectures.
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