Online Allocation and Learning in the Presence of Strategic AgentsDownload PDF

Published: 31 Oct 2022, Last Modified: 24 Sept 2022NeurIPS 2022 AcceptReaders: Everyone
Keywords: Online Learning, Incentive Compatibility, Resource Allocation
TL;DR: We study the problem of sequentially allocating items to n potentially strategic agents with unknown prior on their value distribution.
Abstract: We study the problem of allocating $T$ sequentially arriving items among $n$ homogenous agents under the constraint that each agent must receive a prespecified fraction of all items, with the objective of maximizing the agents' total valuation of items allocated to them. The agents' valuations for the item in each round are assumed to be i.i.d. but their distribution is apriori unknown to the central planner.vTherefore, the central planner needs to implicitly learn these distributions from the observed values in order to pick a good allocation policy. However, an added challenge here is that the agents are strategic with incentives to misreport their valuations in order to receive better allocations. This sets our work apart both from the online auction mechanism design settings which typically assume known valuation distributions and/or involve payments, and from the online learning settings that do not consider strategic agents. To that end, our main contribution is an online learning based allocation mechanism that is approximately Bayesian incentive compatible, and when all agents are truthful, guarantees a sublinear regret for individual agents' utility compared to that under the optimal offline allocation policy.
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