ClimART: A Benchmark Dataset for Emulating Atmospheric Radiative Transfer in Weather and Climate ModelsDownload PDF

Aug 21, 2021 (edited Sep 29, 2021)NeurIPS 2021 Datasets and Benchmarks Track (Round 2)Readers: Everyone
  • Keywords: ML emulators, climate modeling, atmospheric modeling, climate change
  • TL;DR: A comprehensive, large-scale dataset for benchmarking neural network emulators of the radiation component in climate and weather models.
  • Abstract: Numerical simulations of Earth's weather and climate require substantial amounts of computation. This has led to a growing interest in replacing subroutines that explicitly compute physical processes with approximate machine learning (ML) methods that are fast at inference time. Within weather and climate models, atmospheric radiative transfer (RT) calculations are especially expensive. This has made them a popular target for neural network-based emulators. However, prior work is hard to compare due to the lack of a comprehensive dataset and standardized best practices for ML benchmarking. To fill this gap, we build a large dataset, ClimART, with more than \emph{10 million samples from present, pre-industrial, and future climate conditions}, based on the Canadian Earth System Model. ClimART poses several methodological challenges for the ML community, such as multiple out-of-distribution test sets, underlying domain physics, and a trade-off between accuracy and inference speed. We also present several novel baselines that indicate shortcomings of datasets and network architectures used in prior work.
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