MaMMUT: A Simple Architecture for Joint Learning for MultiModal Tasks

Published: 16 Aug 2023, Last Modified: 16 Aug 2023Accepted by TMLREveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Abstract: The development of language models have moved from encoder-decoder to decoder-only designs. In addition, we observe that the two most popular multimodal tasks, the generative and contrastive tasks, are nontrivial to accommodate in one architecture, and further need adaptations for downstream tasks. We propose a novel paradigm of training with a decoder-only model for multimodal tasks, which is surprisingly effective in jointly learning of these disparate vision-language tasks. This is done with a simple model, called MaMMUT. It consists of a single vision encoder and a text decoder, and is able to accommodate contrastive and generative learning by a novel two-pass approach on the text decoder. We demonstrate that joint learning of these diverse objectives is simple, effective, and maximizes the weight-sharing of the model across these tasks. Furthermore, the same architecture enables straightforward extensions to open-vocabulary object detection and video-language tasks. The model tackles a diverse range of tasks, while being modest in capacity. Our model achieves the state of the art on image-text and text-image retrieval, video question answering and open-vocabulary detection tasks, outperforming much larger and more extensively trained foundational models. It shows very competitive results on VQA and Video Captioning, especially considering its capacity. Ablations confirm the flexibility and advantages of our approach.
Submission Length: Regular submission (no more than 12 pages of main content)
Changes Since Last Submission: Minor edits on wordings and spacings.
Assigned Action Editor: ~Jia-Bin_Huang1
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Submission Number: 1011