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Data Noising as Smoothing in Neural Network Language Models
Ziang Xie, Sida I. Wang, Jiwei Li, Daniel Lévy, Aiming Nie, Dan Jurafsky, Andrew Y. Ng
Nov 04, 2016 (modified: Mar 09, 2017)ICLR 2017 conference submissionreaders: everyone
Abstract:Data noising is an effective technique for regularizing neural network models. While noising is widely adopted in application domains such as vision and speech, commonly used noising primitives have not been developed for discrete sequence-level settings such as language modeling. In this paper, we derive a connection between input noising in neural network language models and smoothing in n-gram models. Using this connection, we draw upon ideas from smoothing to develop effective noising schemes. We demonstrate performance gains when applying the proposed schemes to language modeling and machine translation. Finally, we provide empirical analysis validating the relationship between noising and smoothing.
TL;DR:Derive data noising schemes for neural network language models corresponding to techniques in n-gram smoothing.