Investigating performance of neural networks and gradient boosting models approximating microscopic traffic simulations in traffic optimization tasks

Oct 12, 2018 NIPS 2018 Workshop MLITS Submission readers: everyone
  • Abstract: We analyze the accuracy of traffic simulations metamodels based on neural networks and gradient boosting models (LightGBM), applied to traffic optimization as fitness functions of genetic algorithms. Our metamodels approximate outcomes of traffic simulations (the total time of waiting on a red signal) taking as an input different traffic signal settings, in order to efficiently find (sub)optimal settings. Their accuracy was proven to be very good on randomly selected test sets, but it turned out that the accuracy may drop in case of settings expected (according to genetic algorithms) to be close to local optima, which makes the traffic optimization process more difficult. In this work, we investigate 16 different metamodels and 20 settings of genetic algorithms, in order to understand what are the reasons of this phenomenon, what is its scale, how it can be mitigated and what can be potentially done to design better real-time traffic optimization methods.
  • TL;DR: We analyze the accuracy of traffic simulations metamodels based on neural networks and gradient boosting models (LightGBM), applied to traffic optimization as fitness functions of genetic algorithms.
  • Keywords: neural networks, LightGBM, traffic optimization, Traffic Signal Setting problem, genetic algorithms
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