Learning Dense Flow Field for Highly-accurate Cross-view Camera Localization

Published: 21 Sept 2023, Last Modified: 27 Dec 2023NeurIPS 2023 posterEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Keywords: Optical flow, correspondence learning, cross-view, camera localization
TL;DR: Learning Dense Flow Field for Highly-accurate Cross-view Camera Localization
Abstract: This paper addresses the problem of estimating the 3-DoF camera pose for a ground-level image with respect to a satellite image that encompasses the local surroundings. We propose a novel end-to-end approach that leverages the learning of dense pixel-wise flow fields in pairs of ground and satellite images to calculate the camera pose. Our approach differs from existing methods by constructing the feature metric at the pixel level, enabling full-image supervision for learning distinctive geometric configurations and visual appearances across views. Specifically, our method employs two distinct convolution networks for ground and satellite feature extraction. Then, we project the ground feature map to the bird's eye view (BEV) using a fixed camera height assumption to achieve preliminary geometric alignment. To further establish the content association between the BEV and satellite features, we introduce a residual convolution block to refine the projected BEV feature. Optical flow estimation is performed on the refined BEV feature map and the satellite feature map using flow decoder networks based on RAFT. After obtaining dense flow correspondences, we apply the least square method to filter matching inliers and regress the ground camera pose. Extensive experiments demonstrate significant improvements compared to state-of-the-art methods. Notably, our approach reduces the median localization error by 89\%, 19\%, 80\%, and 35\% on the KITTI, Ford multi-AV, VIGOR, and Oxford RobotCar datasets, respectively.
Supplementary Material: zip
Submission Number: 6852