Marginal MAP Estimation for Inverse RL under Occlusion with Observer NoiseDownload PDF

Published: 20 May 2022, Last Modified: 05 May 2023UAI 2022 PosterReaders: Everyone
Keywords: Robotics, uncertainity, inverse reinforcement learning, computer vision
TL;DR: Inverse RL technique to learn the expert demonstrator's preferences from noisy and incomplete data (mainly in the context of Robotics).
Abstract: We consider the problem of learning the behavioral preferences of an expert engaged in a task from noisy and partially-observable demonstrations. This is motivated by real-world applications such as a line robot learning from observing a human worker, where some observations are occluded by environmental elements. Furthermore, robotic perception tends to be imperfect and noisy. Previous techniques for inverse reinforcement learning (IRL) take the approach of either omitting the missing portions or inferring it as part of expectation-maximization, which tends to be slow and prone to local optima. We present a new method that generalizes the well-known Bayesian maximum-a-posteriori (MAP) IRL method by marginalizing the occluded portions of the trajectory. This is then extended with an observation model to account for perception noise. This novel application of marginal MAP (MMAP) to IRL significantly improves on the previous IRL technique under occlusion in both formative evaluations on a toy problem and in a summative evaluation on a produce sorting line task by a physical robot.
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