Self-Guided Masked Autoencoders for Domain-Agnostic Self-Supervised Learning

Published: 16 Jan 2024, Last Modified: 05 Mar 2024ICLR 2024 posterEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
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Keywords: self-supervised learning, domain-agnostic learning, masked modeling, protein biology, chemistry, particle physics
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TL;DR: Masking inputs based on a model's attention map can create a strong, domain-agnostic masking strategy for masked modeling.
Abstract: Self-supervised learning excels in learning representations from large amounts of unlabeled data, demonstrating success across multiple data modalities. Yet, extending self-supervised learning to new modalities is non-trivial because the specifics of existing methods are tailored to each domain, such as domain-specific augmentations which reflect the invariances in the target task. While masked modeling is promising as a domain-agnostic framework for self-supervised learning because it does not rely on input augmentations, its mask sampling procedure remains domain-specific. We present Self-guided Masked Autoencoders (SMA), a fully domain-agnostic masked modeling method. SMA trains an attention based model using a masked modeling objective, by learning masks to sample without any domain-specific assumptions. We evaluate SMA on three self-supervised learning benchmarks in protein biology, chemical property prediction, and particle physics. We find SMA is capable of learning representations without domain-specific knowledge and achieves state-of-the-art performance on these three benchmarks.
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Primary Area: unsupervised, self-supervised, semi-supervised, and supervised representation learning
Submission Number: 1005