$\alpha^{\alpha}$-Rank: Scalable Multi-agent Evaluation through Evolution

Sep 25, 2019 ICLR 2020 Conference Withdrawn Submission readers: everyone
  • TL;DR: We provide a scalable solution to multi-agent evaluation with linear rate complexity in both time and memory in terms of number of agents
  • Abstract: Although challenging, strategy profile evaluation in large connected learner networks is crucial for enabling the next wave of machine learning applications. Recently, $\alpha$-Rank, an evolutionary algorithm, has been proposed as a solution for ranking joint policy profiles in multi-agent systems. $\alpha$-Rank claimed scalability through a polynomial time implementation with respect to the total number of pure strategy profiles. In this paper, we formally prove that such a claim is not grounded. In fact, we show that $\alpha$-Rank exhibits an exponential complexity in number of agents, hindering its application beyond a small finite number of joint profiles. Realizing such a limitation, we contribute by proposing a scalable evaluation protocol that we title $\alpha^{\alpha}$-Rank. Our method combines evolutionary dynamics with stochastic optimization and double oracles for \emph{truly} scalable ranking with linear (in number of agents) time and memory complexities. Our contributions allow us, for the first time, to conduct large-scale evaluation experiments of multi-agent systems, where we show successful results on large joint strategy profiles with sizes in the order of $\mathcal{O}(2^{25})$ (i.e., $\approx \text{$33$ million strategies}$) -- a setting not evaluable using current techniques.
  • Keywords: multi-agent evaluation, evolutionary dynamics, game theory
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