- Abstract: Recent work has demonstrated the lack of robustness of well-trained deep neural networks (DNNs) to adversarial examples. For example, visually indistinguishable perturbations, when mixed with an original image, can easily lead deep learning models to misclassifications. In light of a recent study on the mutual influence between robustness and accuracy over 18 different ImageNet models, this paper investigates how training data affect the accuracy and robustness of deep neural networks. We conduct extensive experiments on four different datasets, including CIFAR-10, MNIST, STL-10, and Tiny ImageNet, with several representative neural networks. Our results reveal previously unknown phenomena that exist between the size of training data and characteristics of the resulting models. In particular, besides confirming that the model accuracy improves as the amount of training data increases, we also observe that the model robustness improves initially, but there exists a turning point after which robustness starts to decrease. How and when such turning points occur vary for different neural networks and different datasets.
- Keywords: Adversarial attacks, Robustness, CW, I-FGSM