NeuroMixGDP: A Neural Collapse-Inspired Random Mixup for Private Data Release
Keywords: Neural Collapse, Differential privacy, Private data publishing, Mixup
TL;DR: This paper presents a novel framework for private data release, called NeuroMixGDP, which leverages random mixups of neural collapse features to achieve a state-of-the-art privacy-utility trade-off.
Abstract: Privacy-preserving data release algorithms have gained increasing attention for their ability to protect user privacy while enabling downstream machine learning tasks. However, the utility of current popular algorithms is not always satisfactory. Mixup of raw data provides a new way of data augmentation, which can help improve utility. However, its performance drastically deteriorates when differential privacy (DP) noise is added. To address this issue, this paper draws inspiration from the recently observed Neural Collapse (NC) phenomenon, which states that the last layer features of a neural network concentrate on the vertices of a simplex as Equiangular Tight Frame (ETF). We propose a scheme to mixup the Neural Collapse features to exploit the ETF simplex structure and release noisy mixed features to enhance the utility of the released data. By using Gaussian Differential Privacy (GDP), we obtain an asymptotic rate for the optimal mixup degree. To further enhance the utility and address the label collapse issue when the mixup degree is large, we propose a Hierarchical sampling method to stratify the mixup samples on a small number of classes. This method remarkably improves utility when the number of classes is large. Extensive experiments demonstrate the effectiveness of our proposed method in protecting against attacks and improving utility. In particular, our approach shows significantly improved utility compared to directly training classification networks with DPSGD on CIFAR100 and MiniImagenet datasets, highlighting the benefits of using privacy-preserving data release. We release reproducible code in https://github.com/Lidonghao1996/NeuroMixGDP.
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Submission Number: 45