Keywords: unbalanced optimal transport, generative adversarial networks, population modeling
TL;DR: We propose new methodology for unbalanced optimal transport using generative adversarial networks.
Abstract: Generative adversarial networks (GANs) are an expressive class of neural generative models with tremendous success in modeling high-dimensional continuous measures. In this paper, we present a scalable method for unbalanced optimal transport (OT) based on the generative-adversarial framework. We formulate unbalanced OT as a problem of simultaneously learning a transport map and a scaling factor that push a source measure to a target measure in a cost-optimal manner. We provide theoretical justification for this formulation, showing that it is closely related to an existing static formulation by Liero et al. (2018). We then propose an algorithm for solving this problem based on stochastic alternating gradient updates, similar in practice to GANs, and perform numerical experiments demonstrating how this methodology can be applied to population modeling.
Code: [![github](/images/github_icon.svg) uhlerlab/unbalanced_ot](https://github.com/uhlerlab/unbalanced_ot)