Keywords: Semi-supervised learning, medical image segmentation, transfomer, CNNs
TL;DR: A work which combine CNN and Transformer by cross teaching for semi-supervised medical image segmentation.
Abstract: Recently, deep learning with Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) and Transformers has shown encouraging results in fully supervised medical image segmentation. However, it is still challenging for them to achieve good performance with limited annotations for training. In this work, we present a very simple yet efficient framework for semi-supervised medical image segmentation by introducing the cross teaching between CNN and Transformer. Specifically, we simplify the classical deep co-training from consistency regularization to cross teaching, where the prediction of a network is used as the pseudo label to supervise the other network directly end-to-end. Considering the difference in learning paradigm between CNN and Transformer, we introduce the Cross Teaching between CNN and Transformer rather than just using CNNs. Experiments on a public benchmark show that our method outperforms eight existing semi-supervised learning methods just with a simpler framework. Notably, this work may be the first attempt to combine CNN and transformer for semi-supervised medical image segmentation and achieve promising results on a public benchmark. The code will be released at: https://github.com/HiLab-git/SSL4MIS.
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Paper Type: methodological development
Primary Subject Area: Learning with Noisy Labels and Limited Data
Secondary Subject Area: Segmentation
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