Mind the Gap: Mitigating the Distribution Gap in Graph Few-shot Learning

Published: 10 Jul 2023, Last Modified: 10 Jul 2023Accepted by TMLREveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Abstract: Prevailing supervised deep graph learning models often suffer from the issue of label scarcity, leading to performance degradation in the face of limited annotated data. Although numerous graph few-shot learning (GFL) methods have been developed to mitigate this problem, they tend to rely excessively on labeled data. This over-reliance on labeled data can result in impaired generalization ability in the test phase due to the existence of a distribution gap. Moreover, existing GFL methods lack a general purpose as their designs are coupled with task or data-specific characteristics. To address these shortcomings, we propose a novel Self-Distilled Graph Few-shot Learning framework (SDGFL) that is both general and effective. SDGFL leverages a self-distilled contrastive learning procedure to boost GFL. Specifically, our model first pre-trains a graph encoder with contrastive learning using unlabeled data. Later, the trained encoder is frozen as a teacher model to distill a student model with a contrastive loss. The distilled model is then fed to GFL. By learning data representation in a self-supervised manner, SDGFL effectively mitigates the distribution gap and enhances generalization ability. Furthermore, our proposed framework is task and data-independent, making it a versatile tool for general graph mining purposes. To evaluate the effectiveness of our proposed framework, we introduce an information-based measurement that quantifies its capability. Through comprehensive experiments, we demonstrate that SDGFL outperforms state-of-the-art baselines on various graph mining tasks across multiple datasets in the few-shot scenario. We also provide a quantitative measurement of SDGFL’s superior performance in comparison to existing methods.
Submission Length: Regular submission (no more than 12 pages of main content)
Assigned Action Editor: ~Yunhe_Wang1
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Submission Number: 977