Hopfield-Enhanced Deep Neural Networks for Artifact-Resilient Brain State Decoding

Published: 27 Oct 2023, Last Modified: 26 Nov 2023AMHN23 PosterEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Keywords: Hopfield Networks, Brain State Classification, Time-Series Classification, Computational Neuroscience
Abstract: The study of brain states, ranging from highly synchronous to asynchronous neuronal patterns like the sleep-wake cycle, is fundamental for assessing the brain's spatiotemporal dynamics and their close connection to behavior. However, the development of new techniques to accurately identify them still remains a challenge, as these are often compromised by the presence of noise, artifacts, and suboptimal recording quality. In this study, we propose a two-stage computational framework combining Hopfield Networks for artifact data preprocessing with Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) for classification of brain states in rat neural recordings under different levels of anesthesia. To evaluate the robustness of our framework, we deliberately introduced noise artifacts into the neural recordings. We evaluated our hybrid Hopfield-CNN pipeline by benchmarking it against two comparative models: a standalone CNN handling the same noisy inputs, and another CNN trained and tested on artifact-free data. Performance across various levels of data compression and noise intensities showed that our framework can effectively mitigate artifacts, allowing the model to reach parity with the clean-data CNN at lower noise levels. Although this study mainly benefits small-scale experiments, the findings highlight the necessity for advanced deep learning and Hopfield Network models to improve scalability and robustness in diverse real-world settings.
Submission Number: 37