GAIN: Enhancing Byzantine Robustness in Federated Learning with Gradient DecompositionDownload PDF

Published: 01 Feb 2023, Last Modified: 13 Feb 2023Submitted to ICLR 2023Readers: Everyone
Keywords: Federated Learning, Byzantine Robustness.
Abstract: Federated learning provides a privacy-aware learning framework by enabling participants to jointly train models without exposing their private data. However, federated learning has exhibited vulnerabilities to Byzantine attacks, where the adversary aims to destroy the convergence and performance of the global model. Meanwhile, we observe that most existing robust AGgregation Rules (AGRs) fail to stop the aggregated gradient deviating from the optimal gradient (the average of honest gradients) in the non-IID setting. We attribute the reason of the failure of these AGRs to two newly proposed concepts: identification failure and integrity failure. The identification failure mainly comes from the exacerbated curse of dimensionality in the non-IID setting. The integrity failure is a combined result of conservative filtering strategy and gradient heterogeneity. In order to address both failures, we propose GAIN, a gradient decomposition scheme that can help adapt existing robust algorithms to heterogeneous datasets. We theoretically show that integrating exisiting robust AGRs into our GAIN can mitigate the deviation of aggregated gradient, thus improve the performance. Experiments on various real-world datasets verify the efficacy of our proposed GAIN
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