DISC: Latent Diffusion Models with Self-Distillation from Separated Conditions for Prostate Cancer Grading

Published: 09 Apr 2024, Last Modified: 18 Apr 2024SynData4CVEveryoneRevisionsBibTeXCC BY 4.0
Keywords: Prostate Cancer Grading, Latent Diffusion Models, Self-Distillation, Histopathology Image Synthesis
Abstract: Latent Diffusion Models (LDMs) can generate high-fidelity images from noise, offering a promising approach for augmenting histopathology images for training cancer grading models. While previous works successfully generated high-fidelity histopathology images using LDMs, the generation of image tiles to improve prostate cancer grading has not yet been explored. Additionally, LDMs face challenges in accurately generating admixtures of multiple cancer grades in a tile when conditioned by a tile mask. In this study, we train specific LDMs to generate synthetic tiles that contain multiple Gleason Grades (GGs) by leveraging pixel-wise annotations in input tiles. We introduce a novel framework named Self-Distillation from Separated Conditions (DISC) that generates GG patterns guided by GG masks. Finally, we deploy a training framework for pixel-level and slide-level prostate cancer grading, where synthetic tiles are effectively utilized to improve the cancer grading performance of existing models. As a result, this work surpasses previous works in two domains: 1) our LDMs enhanced with DISC produce more accurate tiles in terms of GG patterns, and 2) our training scheme, incorporating synthetic data, significantly improves the generalization of the baseline model for prostate cancer grading, particularly in challenging cases of rare GG5, demonstrating the potential of generative models to enhance cancer grading when data is limited. Our work is available at https://minhmanho.github.io/disc/.
Supplementary Material: pdf
Submission Number: 31