C-MinHash: Improving Minwise Hashing with Circulant PermutationDownload PDF

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Sep 29, 2021 (edited Nov 21, 2021)ICLR 2022 Conference Blind SubmissionReaders: Everyone
  • Abstract: Minwise hashing (MinHash) is an important and practical algorithm for generating random hashes to approximate the Jaccard (resemblance) similarity in massive binary (0/1) data. The basic theory of MinHash requires applying hundreds or even thousands of independent random permutations to each data vector in the dataset, in order to obtain reliable results for (e.g.,) building large-scale learning models or approximate near neighbor search in massive data. In this paper, we propose {\bf Circulant MinHash (C-MinHash)} and provide the surprising theoretical results that using only \textbf{two} independent random permutations in a circulant manner leads to uniformly smaller Jaccard estimation variance than that of the classical MinHash with $K$ independent permutations. Experiments are conducted to show the effectiveness of the proposed method. We also analyze a more convenient C-MinHash variant which reduces two permutations to just one, with extensive numerical results to validate that it achieves essentially the same estimation accuracy as using two permutations with rigorous theory.
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