Neural Architecture Search for Visual Anomaly SegmentationDownload PDF

Published: 16 May 2023, Last Modified: 05 Sept 2023AutoML 2023 MainTrackReaders: Everyone
Abstract: This paper presents the first application of neural architecture search to the complex task of segmenting visual anomalies. Measurement of anomaly segmentation performance is challenging due to imbalanced anomaly pixels, varying region areas, and various types of anomalies. First, the region-weighted Average Precision (rwAP) metric is proposed as an alternative to existing metrics, which does not need to be limited to a specific maximum false positive rate. Second, the AutoPatch neural architecture search method is proposed, which enables efficient segmentation of visual anomalies without any training. By leveraging a pre-trained supernet, a black-box optimization algorithm can directly minimize computational complexity and maximize performance on a small validation set of anomalous examples. Finally, compelling results are presented on the widely studied MVTec dataset, demonstrating that AutoPatch outperforms the current state-of-the-art with lower computational complexity, using only one example per type of anomaly. The results highlight the potential of automated machine learning to optimize throughput in industrial quality control. The code for AutoPatch is available at:
Keywords: neural architecture search, visual anomaly segmentation, anomaly detection, automated machine learning, hyperparameter optimization, industrial quality control
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Code And Dataset Supplement: zip
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