ImagenHub: Standardizing the evaluation of conditional image generation models

Published: 16 Jan 2024, Last Modified: 10 Mar 2024ICLR 2024 posterEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
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Keywords: Image Generation, Image Editing, Evaluation, Benchmark, Diffusion Model
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TL;DR: We present ImagenHub, which is a continuous effort to standardize the inference and evaluation of all the existing conditional image generation models. We present lots of key takeaways in the paper to help develop better image generation models.
Abstract: Recently, a myriad of conditional image generation and editing models have been developed to serve different downstream tasks, including text-to-image generation, text-guided image editing, subject-driven image generation, control-guided image generation, etc. However, we observe huge inconsistencies in experimental conditions: datasets, inference, and evaluation metrics -- render fair comparisons difficult. This paper proposes ImagenHub, which is a one-stop library to standardize the inference and evaluation of all the conditional image generation models. Firstly, we define seven prominent tasks and curate high-quality evaluation datasets for them. Secondly, we built a unified inference pipeline to ensure fair comparison. Thirdly, we design two human evaluation scores, i.e. Semantic Consistency and Perceptual Quality, along with comprehensive guidelines to evaluate generated images. We train expert raters to evaluate the model outputs based on the proposed metrics. Our human evaluation achieves a high inter-worker agreement of Krippendorff’s alpha on 76\% models with a value higher than 0.4. We comprehensively evaluated a total of around 30 models and observed three key takeaways: (1) the existing models’ performance is generally unsatisfying except for Text-guided Image Generation and Subject-driven Image Generation, with 74\% models achieving an overall score lower than 0.5. (2) we examined the claims from published papers and found 83\% of them hold with a few exceptions. (3) None of the existing automatic metrics has a Spearman's correlation higher than 0.2 except subject-driven image generation. Moving forward, we will continue our efforts to evaluate newly published models and update our leaderboard to keep track of the progress in conditional image generation.
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Primary Area: datasets and benchmarks
Submission Number: 2206