CAST: Concurrent Recognition and Segmentation with Adaptive Segment TokensDownload PDF

Published: 01 Feb 2023, 19:30, Last Modified: 13 Feb 2023, 23:29Submitted to ICLR 2023Readers: Everyone
TL;DR: A new ViT integrated with data-driven perceptual organization to simultaneously learn image segmentation for free while training the model for unsupervised recognition.
Abstract: Recognizing an image and segmenting it into coherent regions are often treated as separate tasks. Human vision, however, has a general sense of segmentation hierarchy before recognition occurs. We are thus inspired to learn image recognition with hierarchical image segmentation based entirely on unlabeled images. Our insight is to learn fine-to-coarse features concurrently at superpixels, segments, and full image levels, enforcing consistency and goodness of feature induced segmentations while maximizing discrimination among image instances. Our model innovates vision transformers on three aspects. 1) We use adaptive segment tokens instead of fixed-shape patch tokens. 2) We create a token hierarchy by inserting graph pooling between transformer blocks, naturally producing consistent multi-scale segmentations while increasing the segment size and reducing the number of tokens. 3) We produce hierarchical image segmentation for free {\it while} training for recognition by maximizing image-wise discrimination. Our work delivers the first concurrent recognition and hierarchical segmentation model without any supervision. Validated on ImageNet and PASCAL VOC, it achieves better recognition and segmentation with higher computational efficiency.
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Please Choose The Closest Area That Your Submission Falls Into: Deep Learning and representational learning
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