Beyond Secure Aggregation: Scalable Multi-Round Secure Collaborative Learning
Keywords: Coded distributed computing, information-theoretic privacy, secure multi-party training
TL;DR: We propose a scalable secure collaborative neural network training framework, under formal end-to-end multi-round information-theoretic privacy guarantees.
Abstract: Privacy-preserving machine learning (PPML) has achieved exciting breakthroughs for secure collaborative training of machine learning models under formal information-theoretic privacy guarantees. Despite the recent advances, communication bottleneck still remains as a major challenge against scalability to large neural networks. To address this challenge, in this work we introduce the first end-to-end multi-round multi-party neural network training framework with linear communication complexity, under formal information-theoretic privacy guarantees. Our key contribution is a scalable secure computing mechanism for iterative polynomial operations, which incurs only linear communication overhead, significantly improving over the quadratic state-of-the-art, while providing formal end-to-end multi-round information-theoretic privacy guarantees. In doing so, our framework achieves equal adversary tolerance, resilience to user dropouts, and model accuracy as the state-of-the-art, while addressing a key challenge in scalable training.
Submission Number: 90