- TL;DR: We present Dreamer, an agent that learns long-horizon behaviors purely by latent imagination using analytic value gradients.
- Abstract: To select effective actions in complex environments, intelligent agents need to generalize from past experience. World models can represent knowledge about the environment to facilitate such generalization. While learning world models from high-dimensional sensory inputs is becoming feasible through deep learning, there are many potential ways for deriving behaviors from them. We present Dreamer, a reinforcement learning agent that solves long-horizon tasks purely by latent imagination. We efficiently learn behaviors by backpropagating analytic gradients of learned state values through trajectories imagined in the compact state space of a learned world model. On 20 challenging visual control tasks, Dreamer exceeds existing approaches in data-efficiency, computation time, and final performance.
- Keywords: world model, latent dynamics, imagination, planning by backprop, policy optimization, planning, reinforcement learning, control, representations, latent variable model, visual control, value function