Abstract: We present a method for the automated segmentation of knee bones and cartilage from magnetic resonance imaging, that combines a priori knowledge of anatomical shape with Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs). The proposed approach incorporates 3D Statistical Shape Models (SSMs) as well as 2D and 3D CNNs to achieve a robust and accurate segmentation of even highly pathological knee structures. The method is evaluated on data of the MICCAI grand challenge "Segmentation of Knee Images 2010". For the first time an accuracy equivalent to the inter-observer variability of human readers has been achieved in this challenge. Moreover, the quality of the proposed method is thoroughly assessed using various measures for 507 manual segmentations of bone and cartilage, and 88 additional manual segmentations of cartilage. Our method yields sub-voxel accuracy. In conclusion, combining of anatomical knowledge using SSMs with localized classification via CNNs results in a state-of-the-art segmentation method.
Keywords: Statistical Shape Models, Convolutional Neural Networks, Segmentation, Knee Osteoarthritis
Author Affiliation: Zuse-Institute-Berlin, Zuse-Institute-Berlin, 1000shapes GmbH and Zuse-Institute-Berlin, Zuse-Institute-Berlin