Are you tough enough? Framework for Robustness Validation of Machine Comprehension SystemsDownload PDF


Published: 16 Nov 2018, Last Modified: 05 May 2023NIPS 2018 Workshop IRASL Blind SubmissionReaders: Everyone
Abstract: Deep Learning NLP domain lacks procedures for the analysis of model robustness. In this paper we propose a framework which validates robustness of any Question Answering model through model explainers. We propose that output of a robust model should be invariant to alterations that do not change its semantics. We test this property by manipulating question in two ways: swapping important question word for 1) its semantically correct synonym and 2) for word vector that is close in embedding space. We estimate importance of words in asked questions with Locally Interpretable Model Agnostic Explanations method (LIME). With these two steps we compare state-of-the-art Q&A models. We show that although accuracy of state-of-the-art models is high, they are very fragile to changes in the input. We can choose architecture that is more immune to attacks and thus more robust and stable in production environment. Morevoer, we propose 2 adversarial training scenarios which raise model sensitivity to true synonyms by up to 7% accuracy measure. Our findings help to understand which models are more stable and how they can be improved. In addition, we have created and published a new dataset that may be used for validation of robustness of a Q&A model.
TL;DR: We propose a model agnostic approach to validation of Q&A system robustness and demonstrate results on state-of-the-art Q&A models.
Keywords: Question Answering, QA, Q&A, interpretability, deep learning, LIME
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