Joint rotational invariance and adversarial training of a dual-stream Transformer yields state of the art Brain-Score for Area V4Download PDF

Published: 17 Mar 2022, Last Modified: 05 May 2023BSW 2022 OralReaders: Everyone
Keywords: Vision Transformer, Brain-Score competition, adversarial training, rotation invariance.
Abstract: Modern high-scoring models of vision in the brain score competition do not stem from Vision Transformers. However, in this short paper, we provide evidence against the unexpected trend of Vision Transformers (ViT) being not perceptually aligned with human visual representations by showing how a dual-stream Transformer, a CrossViT$~\textit{a la}$ Chen et al. (2021), under a joint rotationally-invariant and adversarial optimization procedure yields 2nd place in the aggregate Brain-Score 2022 competition averaged across all visual categories, and currently holds the 1st place for the highest explainable variance of area V4. In addition, our current Transformer-based model also achieves greater explainable variance for areas V4, IT, and Behaviour than a biologically-inspired CNN (ResNet50) that integrates a frontal V1-like computation module (Dapello et al., 2020). Our team was also the only entry in the top-5 that shows a positive rank correlation between explained variance per area and depth in the visual hierarchy. Against our initial expectations, these results provide tentative support for an $\textit{``All roads lead to Rome''}$ argument enforced via a joint optimization rule even for non biologically-motivated models of vision such as Vision Transformers. Code is available at
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