Differential Property Prediction: A Machine Learning Approach to Experimental Design in Advanced ManufacturingDownload PDF

Published: 23 May 2023, Last Modified: 23 May 2023AAAI 2022 Workshop ADAMReaders: Everyone
Keywords: machine learning, advanced manufacturing
TL;DR: We suggest a machine learning framework to help guide experimental design in advanced manufacturing.
Abstract: Advanced manufacturing techniques have enabled the production of materials with state-of-the-art properties. In many cases however, the development of physics-based models of these techniques lags behind their use in the lab. This means that designing and running experiments proceeds largely via trial and error. This is sub-optimal since experiments are cost-, time-, and labor-intensive. In this work we propose a machine learning framework, differential property classification (DPC), which enables an experimenter to leverage machine learning's unparalleled pattern matching capability to pursue data-driven experimental design. DPC takes two possible experiment parameter sets and outputs a prediction of which will produce a material with a more desirable property specified by the operator. We demonstrate the success of DPC on AA7075 tube manufacturing process and mechanical property data using shear assisted processing and extrusion (ShAPE), a solid phase processing technology. We show that by focusing on the experimenter's need to choose between multiple candidate experimental parameters, we can reframe the challenging regression task of predicting material properties from processing parameters, into a classification task on which machine learning models can achieve good performance.
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